(D) total profits earned by an organization in a particular financial year. _____ help individuals understand their roles in an organization, especially in times of crisis. These terms are used somewhat loosely, and sometimes distribution is replaced with scaling or integration. 66. With the help of horizontal communication, an organization can promote internal communication amongst the employees that occupy similar functional positions. Contrary to horizontal integration, which is a consolidation of many firms that handle the same part of the production process, vertical integration is typified by one firm engaged in different parts of production (e.g., growing raw materials, manufacturing, transporting, marketing, and/or retailing). In the context of Mintzberg's organizational structures, the simple structure achieves coordination through _____. Advantages of Product Differentiation . In addition, product differentiation helps a company operate at a higher price point just because of that additional benefit or feature introduced in a product. Short organizational life cycles put more pressure on the organization to: (A) be mechanistic in its design. (D) machine bureaucracy. Firms like Mafatlal, National Textile Corporation, etc have opened up retails stores owned by them, in order to have an effective control over distribution activities. A combination agency will take two separate but related services and provide them both to customers. (B) They do not influence organizational design. 49. A temporary set of organizations designed to come together swiftly to exploit an apparent market opportunity is called a: (A) cellular organization. (B) integrators. Vertical differentiation, in this example, occurs whenever one bank offers remote access and the other does not. This is in contrast … monopolistic competition is a type of oligopoly quizlet, Oligopoly Defined. _____ is defined as the tools, techniques, and actions used by an organization to transform inputs into outputs. (C) limited horizontal decentralization of decision making. f (x) = 5 is a horizontal line with a slope of zero, and … (C) number of exceptions encountered in doing the tasks within a job. In the early 2000s, Canadian company Blackberry Ltd. stood out exceptionally through product differentiation. Vertical Strategic Alliances . 44. (B) the number of people working in the organization. The most famous horizontal e-commerce business is Amazon.com It sells books, furniture, food, grocery, apparel, toys, software, music, gadgets, and a whole lot more. She knows that if she is going to be successful, she needs to reach out to those who would be most interested in her products. The different factors on which the process is implemented include: (A) Matrix differentiation (B) Spatial differentiation (C) Circular differentiation (D) Lateral differentiation, 15. Chocolate is not "better" than lemon. (A) network organization (B) virtual organization (C) cellular organization (D) circle organization. (A) They are independent of an organization's structure. (A) Spatial differentiation (B) Departmental differentiation (C) Horizontal differentiation (D) Vertical differentiation, 19. colours or flavours. Vertical differentiation focuses on differentiation in a product based on quality. Essentially, vertical differentiation is aimed at differentiating the product in order to move up the hierarchy toward higher quality and use the trait as a competitive advantage to sell the product. 53. Think of it this way, if you’re looking for a standard selection of office chairs to kit out your new business space, you’d go to a horizontal company like an office furniture … The product or content is for everyone, or almost everyone, and is usually simple and easy to comprehend or use. The product differentiation process may be as simple as redesigning of packaging to introducing a brand new functional feature in a product. In the context of Mintzberg's structural configurations for organizations, an automobile plant with routinized operating tasks is most likely to use a(n) _____. Product differentiation is the introduction of unique, distinctive characteristics or features to a product to ensure a USP (unique selling proposition) of the product. (A) formal lines of authority and responsibility. It’s not how the brand sees its product, it is how the customer recognises the product. (A) specialization (B) globalization (C) decentralization (D) formalization, 54. (D) the number of positions in each department. (B) process production. Start studying Math 265: Implicit Differentiation. Some differentiation rules are a snap to remember and use. Businesses with a large amount of differentiation give these separate components a great deal of autonomy. A special case of the horizontal transfer involves the transfer of DNA between chloroplast or mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. Which of the following statements is true of organizational strategies and goals? 48. The _____ is the appropriate measure of an organization's size when discussing the design of organizational structure. The _____ of an organization is most easily defined as anything outside the boundaries of that organization. (D) organic environment. Product differentiation is economically advantageous to a company. (D) employee-employer constellations. The constant rule: This is simple. The paranoid, the depressive, the dramatic, the compulsive, and the schizoid are: (A) matrix structure types. Horizontal distribution means trying to reach a broad, diverse audience. Horizontal, or lateral, gene transfer is generally defined as exchange of genetic information between contemporary organisms. According to Mintzberg's organizational structures, hospitals and universities are examples of a: (A) simple structure. Competitive advantages allow a company to achieve, Substitute products offer consumers choices when making purchase decisions by providing equally good alternatives, thus increasing utility. A combination agency will take two separate but related services and provide them both to customers. (D) become dynamically stable. According to Perrow's classification schemes for technology, problem analyzability examines the: (A) types of search procedures followed to find ways to respond to task exceptions. (A) centralization (B) standardization (C) specialization (D) formalization, 22. As a result, businesses may incur high marketing and promotional costs when competing, Join 350,600+ students who work for companies like Amazon, J.P. Morgan, and Ferrari, The 5 P's of Marketing – Product, Price, Promotion, Place, and People – are key marketing elements used to position a business strategically. (D) strategies. In increasingly crowded competitive landscapes, differentiation is a critical prerequisite for a product’s survival.What does your product or service do/accomplish/offer that the competition does not? New and existing employees will need to know their responsibilities and who they report to. In the context of Woodward's classification schemes for technology, custom shoemaking involves: (A) the use of unit technology. The purpose of horizontal integration (HI) is to grow the company in size, increase product differentiation, achieve economies of scale, reduce competition or access new markets. There is seldom the guiding hand and framework that help guide employees in other firms. Product differentiation is the process of identifying and communicating the unique qualities of a brand compared to its competitors. A vertical strategic alliance is a partnership between a … (C) have broad cross-functional collaboration. (C) task forces. 13. So, from horizontal product differentiation let's now look at vertical product differentiation and see what that does to profits of firms and to, of course, price cost margins of firms. Integration of Exxon and Mobil, oil companies to increase market dominance is an example of Horizontal Integration. (A) simple structure (B) adhocracy (C) divisionalized form (D) bureaucracy, 38. Tonya has just started her own business selling flowers. Business culture may differ significantly between the IT department and the … C) process production. Horizontal differentiation is when products are differentiated according to a specific feature. (A) Vertical linkages (B) Horizontal linkages (C) Spatial linkages (D) Departmental linkages. When many firms pursue this strategy in the same industry, it leads to industry consolidation (oligopoly or even monopoly). Horizontal and vertical distribution are opposite business models. (A) Merger (B) Fusion (C) Decentralization (D) Downsizing, 40. Some differentiation rules are a snap to remember and use. (B) hybrid structure types. Horizontal differentiation seeks to affect an individuals subjective decision making, that is the difference cannot be measured in an objective way. His example is James Joyce is hard to understand, where understand is differentiated from "perceiving the meaning" to "interpret the text meaning".. A related meaning shift is metonymy, where one builds a new concept out of an element of the … 12. (D) Unit technology is large-batch manufacturing technology. 65. (A) Routineness (B) Globalization (C) Decentralization (D) Downsizing. There are three types of product differentiation: Horizontal differentiation: Distinctions in products that cannot be evaluated in terms of quality. 1. (D) ease of coordination achieved through direct supervision by the upper echelon. However, from a company's perspective, substitute products create a rivalry. Product differentiation is economically advantageous to a company. 7 tips on product differentiation is explained f (x) = 5 is a horizontal line with a slope of zero, and … (B) More standardization is needed. Environments Physical environments such as the architecture and decor of a hotel. Two categories are distinguished from this division, horizontal and vertical differentiation. (B) circle organization. Product differentiation deals with making changes in the marketing mix of a product so as to differentiate it from whatever the competition is offering OR to offer a product which stands out in the market. _____ has the potential to give an organization political and legal advantages in a country because the organization will be identified as a local company. In any market, a quality hierarchy exists for a particular type of product that ranks products of one kind from a position of low quality to the highest quality product. For example, different color versions of the same iPhone or MacBook. (C) personality-organization constellations. In the context of design dimensions, which of the following is most likely an important organizational variable for flexible structures? Horizontal differentiation occurs with the location of bank's branch. Blackberry was the only smartphone brand that offered an in-device instant messaging feature called BBM. 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